Oakhill Primary School

‘Working together for a brighter future’

SUMO (Stop, Understand, Move On)


 ‘Enabling our whole school community to positively embrace everyday life challenges, with courage, determination and resilience’. 


SUMO is a whole school strategy that will enable children to understand their behaviour and the reasons behind the choices they make. Children will learn a range of strategies to help them with making the 'right decision' that they can use beyond the classroom and in their lives after Oakhill Primary School. The longevity will help to support children's mental health as they will be able to 'draw upon' the strategies when faced with difficult decisions or choices. The use of the seven SUMO questions and six principles are embedded within our curriculum and our behaviour policy.


We work closely with Paul and Kevin to refine our strategies and ensure that we are call capable of 'SUMOING' any situations we find ourselves in. Further information can be found here:


We work closely with Paul and Kevin 


SUMO Questions: Pupils will be taught to, and reminded to use the seven SUMO questions when faced with a challenge or difficulty. These questions are displayed in each classroom.



SUMO Principles: In addition to the seven SUMO questions, pupils will be taught to, and encouraged to use six SUMO principles.


Beach Ball Technique

The beach ball technique shows pupils that different people’s perspectives on the same situation may be different and that that is ok. Pupils are taught that if they are looking at a beach ball from different sides and are asked what colour they can see, they will have differing responses. Pupils only see their side of the beachball; like during challenging, difficult or conflicting times, they often only see their side and automatically think that this is right. From looking through the lens of the beachball, they are able to see that others can have a different response and that does not mean they are wrong.


Red Cap / Blue Cap

Pupils will understand that part of our brain has a fight or flight response – the ‘red cap’. It is this part of the brain that is impulsive, acts without thinking and acts without having all of the information. Another part of our brain, the ‘blue cap’, allows us to reflect, analyse and rationalise in order to make well-informed decisions. This strategy will enable pupils to identify if their response is in line with the ‘red cap’ and if so, will help them to change this thinking into ‘blue cap’ thinking.


Victim T-Shirt

This strategy links directly to the ‘red cap’; the flight or fight response. Pupils blame others, they look for external reasons that justify or explain their behaviour. They wear the ‘victim t-shirt’.  Victim thinking is a way of not taking responsibility or ownership of a situation. Pupils are taught to recognise if they have slipped into wearing the victim t-shirt and turn their thinking from negative to positive. For example, instead of thinking, ‘I can’t do this,’ they are taught to think, ‘who can I ask for help?’ They are taught to change their mindset.


Hippo Time

Hippo time teaches pupils that it is ok to not be ok for a short period of time. It’s teaches them to ask for help, to be kind to themselves, to use the SUMO questions and then to move on. Hippo time is temporary.


Fruity Thinking

Fruity thinking teaches children that when they think differently, they feel and behave differently and can ultimately achieve different results. It helps to make the connection between thinking and results in life.